Back Pain – Causes, Symptoms, Treatment
Back pain is one of the most common physical complaints in adults – and a major cause of poverty for many. At some point in their lives that most people experience some sort of back pain. Back pain describe the pain or discomfort in the upper back, middle or bottom. The pain may extend the hips and legs. The file consists of a complex arrangement of bones, ligaments, joints, muscles and nerves and cause pain from a problem with one of these components. The most common type of back pain is a pain in the lower back. This is because the lower back is the pressure when a person is sitting or lifting, and it can be easily damaged.
Causes: – upper back pain may occur following trauma or sudden injury, or it can occur due to overloading or poor posture over time. As an example of the latter reason, in recent years has pain in his upper back following a complaint know people who work at the computer almost all day. This often occurs in the upper back pain and neck pain and / or shoulder pain. Back muscle strain or ligament injury is one of the most common causes of acute pain in the lower back. Lifting heavy objects, twisting, or sudden movement can cause muscles to stretch, or tapes or microscopic cracks.
Symptoms: – There are many causes of back pain. Symptoms of lower back may be the result of problems of the lumbar spine bone, discs between the vertebrae, ligaments around the vertebrae and discs intervertebral, spinal cord and nerves, the muscles of the lower back, internal organs of the pelvis and abdomen, and skin to lumbar region. Upper back pain may also be a consequence of diseases of the aorta, lung tumors, and inflammation of the spine.
Treatment: – treatment goals are back pain pain relief and restored movement. The basic treatment for pain relief of back strain or minor injury, is rest. An ice pack may be useful as well as aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to reduce pain and inflammation. After the inflammation subsides, applying heat to relieve muscle and connective tissue. Bed rest in the long term, which is greater than 72 hours is considered not only longer than necessary for most cases of back pain, it’s actually potentially dangerous, so the slower recovery and may be creating new problems. In most cases, you should be normal to start nonstrenuous activity (eg walking) within 24 hours to 72 hours. Then you should start, controlled exercise and physical therapy. Physiotherapy use massage, ultrasound, whirlpool, controlled application of heat and contribute to training programs tailor, re-use of the full backup. Strengthening abdominal and back muscles to stabilize the spine. You can continue to avoid back injuries by learning – and do – stretching exercises and proper lifting techniques and maintaining good posture. If pain prevents you from returning normal daily activities, as recommended by your doctor or prescription painkillers to help you. Over-the-counter painkillers such as paracetamol, aspirin, ibuprofen, or may be useful. Your doctor can prescription drugs or force anti-inflammatories/pain may prefer to prescribe combination opioid / acetaminophen such as Vicodin or Percocet. Some doctors also prescribe muscle relaxants. But beware, these drugs have their main effect on the brain, muscles, and often cause drowsiness and dependence. Other drugs such as antidepressants and anticonvulsants are sometimes prescribed to help with the pain associated with irritated nerves.