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Diabetes Signs

Is pre-diabetes the same thing as metabolic syndrome or syndrome X?
Pre-diabetes shares a number of factors with metabolic syndrome and syndrome x, and if unchecked can lead to type 2 diabetes.When it comes to the OGTT test, a person’s blood glucose is measured after a fast and 2 hours after a drink rich in glucose. Normal levels are under 140 mg/dl 2 hours after the drink. 140 to 199 mg/dl 2 hours after the drink means that the person being tested has pre-diabetes.

Question: What is pre-diabetes?
Answer: Pre-diabetes is the same as impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose, depending on which test your doctor used to diagnose the disease. Many people with pre-diabetes go on to develop type 2 diabetes. If your doctor diagnoses you with pre-diabetes, you are in a good position. This means you have the opportunity to use weight loss from diet and exercise to prevent developing diabetes. For more information, click here. (People with blood glucose levels that are higher than normal but not yet in the diabetic range have “pre-diabetes.” Doctors sometimes call this condition impaired fasting glucose (IFG) or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), depending on the test used to diagnose it. Insulin resistance and pre-diabetes usually have no symptoms. You may have one or both conditions for several years without noticing anything.

Why is it essential to be diagnosed if I think I might have pre-diabetes?
It could be possible to prevent the development of type 2 diabetes if you find out about your pre-diabetes early enough. Research indicates that people who have pre-diabetes can delay or prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes by almost 60 per cent with adjustments to diet and exercise. Reducing weight by ten per cent, and partaking in modest physical activity for 30 minutes daily, could reduce the chance of developing type 2 diabetes.Pre-diabetes occurs when blood glucose levels exceed normal levels but do not climb high enough to warrant a diagnosis of diabetes.

What is the treatment for pre-diabetes?
Answer: Pre-diabetes is a condition where blood glucose levels are higher than normal but are not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes. People with pre-diabetes are at increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes and for heart disease and stroke. If you have pre-diabetes, you can reduce your risk of getting diabetes. With modest weight loss and moderate physical activity, you can delay or prevent type 2 diabetes and even return to normal glucose levels.Normal fasting blood glucose is below 100 mg/dl.

Who should be tested for pre-diabetes?
Some people will be face an increased likelihood of having pre-diabetes. For instance, if you are overweight and aged 45 or older. Other risk factors can include high blood pressure, low HDL cholesterol, a family history of diabetes or gestational diabetes. Some ethnic groups are at a higher risk of diabetes.To treat pre-diabetes, it is necessary to lose a modest amount of weight (approximately 5-10 per cent of total body weight.) This can be achieved through diet and modest exercise. Any weight loss can make a huge difference.

How does the FPG test define diabetes and pre-diabetes?
Normal fasting blood glucose is below 100 mg/dl. A person with pre-diabetes has a fasting blood glucose level between 100 and 125 mg/dl. If the blood glucose level rises to 126 mg/dl or above, a person has diabetes.A normal fasting blood glucose level is below 100 mg/dl – between 100 and 125 mg/dl a person has pre-diabetes.

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