Encouraging Physical Activity in Congenital Heart Disease Patients
Patients with Congenital Heart Disease (CHD) require physical activities just like people who are not suffering from a heart disease. However, the physical activities do not have to be strenuous and unbearable by the patients. This is why it is important to understand the type of physical activities that are recommended for Congenital Heart Disease patients and how to practice them appropriately. If not well done, their results may not be as effective as anticipated. It is therefore advisable to consult your physician and start exercising under the supervision of a workout professional. There are different physical activities for children and adult Congenital Heart Disease patients.
According to a statement given in a medical report by Patricia Longmuir, PhD, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, and colleagues, there is no research so far which connects physical activity with Congenital Heart Disease, but there are numerous benefits associated with increased physical activity in CHD patients. According to the research, there are no recommendations that recreational physical activity among CHD patients need to be restricted. Besides, many CHD patients are normally inactive and at greater risks of being unable to exercise, obesity risks plus other psychosocial diseases. Therefore encouraging CHD patients to initiate appropriate physical activity in their lifestyle can greatly improve their general health condition and improve their quality of life.
Nevertheless, not any physical exercise is appropriate for any CHD patient. Different CHD patients have varied health status and therefore it is important to seek your doctor’s recommendation on the type of exercise to practice. There are restrictions on what and how to exercise. There are also some diagnoses like severe LV outflow restriction or risk of ventricular arrhythmia which require a priori activity restrictions in patients suffering from Congenital Heart Disease.
It is also noted in the report that procedures for existing physical activity for CHD patients are rarely directly based on evidence and instead they characterized to individuals who are engaged in intensive training for competitive sports. The intensive training majorly involves maximal exertion while recreational activities involve only 50% to 60% of maximal exertion. Therefore the recommendations made from the results were not reliable to guide CHD patients. This statement has undermined the efforts to encourage physical activity in CHD patients. The physicians providing health care services to CHD patients thus need to refer their patients to physical activity professionals to take them through the activities, just the same way they refer them to nutritionists.