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Image from page 143 of “Medical symbolism in connection with historical studies in the arts of healing and hygiene” (1891)

Image from page 143 of “Medical symbolism in connection with historical studies in the arts of healing and hygiene” (1891)
Healing Arts
Identifier: medicalsymbolism00sozi
Title: Medical symbolism in connection with historical studies in the arts of healing and hygiene
Year: 1891 (1890s)
Authors: Sozinskey, Thomas S., 1852?-1889
Subjects: Symbolism in medicine
Publisher: Philadelphia, London : F.A. Davis
Contributing Library: University of California Libraries
Digitizing Sponsor: Internet Archive

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Text Appearing Before Image:
hould be connected with the goddessof health is not clear. In thisconnection its presence mightimply that it is only throughmedicine that health can bepreserved. Taking it as S3m-bolic of life, one has littledifficulty in understanding itsappropriateness. Closely at-tached to her, and drawingnourishment from a chalice heldin her hand, the meaning mightbe, that health and life are inti-mately related to each other,the former sustaining the lat-ter. Regarding it, however, assimply a bonus genius is not outof the way. The mode of rep-resenting it at Rome and else-where strongly supports thisview, namely, encircling thealtar of the goddess, with the head extending over it.^In Teutonic mythology, the white lady with the snake was associated with medicinal springs. According to the mythological record, Hygeia^ wasthe daughter of the god of medicine, ^sculapius. Of » Animal Kinc;dom, vol. ix, p. 309. * See Tookes Pantheon, p, 296.» See Grimms Teutonic Mythology (translation), pp. 588,1150.

Text Appearing After Image:
FiG.18.—Hygeia. (Asgivenin Murrays Mythology.) Eygeia^ the Goddess of Health. 127 her personal history one might almost sa}^ that it is ablank. Numerous representations of Hygeia were to befound in Greece, and later in Rome. One was usuallyplaced by the side of each of ^sculapius. The worship of H^-geia began soon after that of^sculapius and became wide-spread and popular. TheRomans were quite as devoted in their attentions to heras the Greeks. I have said sufficient already to indicate that therewas no divinity precisely similar to H^^geia in Egypt,or any eastern country. Some of the great goddesseswere believed to exercise functions akin to hers.^ In-deed, many of the prominent divinities, from the spouseof Hea down, had accorded to them more or less controlover affairs of health and life. Dr. Meigs conveys awrong impression when he says :— H3geia, daughter of Asclepios,Descended from Apollo Delios,Adored as Maut^ beside the mystic Nile,With Amen-Ra in Theban peristyle. 3 There

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