Image from page 71 of “Penman’s Art Journal and Penman’s Gazette” (1889)

Image from page 71 of “Penman’s Art Journal and Penman’s Gazette” (1889)
Hand Wrist Pain
Identifier: penmansartjou13unse
Title: Penman’s Art Journal and Penman’s Gazette
Year: 1889 (1880s)
Publisher: D. T. Ames
Contributing Library: The University of Scranton Weinberg Memorial Library
Digitizing Sponsor: Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation

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Text Appearing Before Image:
ing letters down hilt,cramping and pain in back of hand andwrist, a& shown by pupil patising and rub-bing hand and wrist. Correct by givingpupil suitable scat, or by raising seat with Where desk is too low pupils will bendlegs so as to bring them under the seatand rest upon toes. By doing this thebody is thrown forward against the desk,arm spread out and supporting the body.Hesult, pupil easily fatigued, slow, heavy writing, arm lifted aud position changedalmost every time a word is written.Correct by changing seat, or raise deskwith iKioks, as it is tx phyaical imponaibilityfor pupils to assume and maintain correctposition where desk is not proper height. seturiiig the sliding strokes. Pupils shouldbe instructed to notice the position of thehand closely while using the stick, thenremove the stick and try and retain po-sition, A few trials will give the desiredposition, and an occasional word of warn-ing will be sufficient to confirm even themost careless. Should the pujul experi-

Text Appearing After Image:
Tlit regular and allowiible positions. Rollingthe hand too far to the right is the mostcommon fault. Where this is not causedby the desk being too high, or ignoranceof correct manner Of holding the pen, itis simply a matter of habit or carelessness.Correct by drilling upcn oval exercises,slanting hack or to left of vertical, without the fingers, squeezing or pinchingis caused by using short pieces of chalk atthe blackboard and slate and lead pencilsiu other written work while the musclesare weak and undeveloped; or by usingtin or nickel-plated holdei-s, which are toosmooth to hold in position without an

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