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Image from page 872 of “A classical dictionary of Greek and Roman biography…revised..” (1894)

Image from page 872 of “A classical dictionary of Greek and Roman biography…revised..” (1894)
Healing Arts
Identifier: classicaldiction00ssmi
Title: www.flickr.com/photos/internetarchivebookimages/tags/book…
Year: 1894 (1890s)
Authors: S. Smith, William, Sir, 1813-1893
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Contributing Library: The Library of Congress
Digitizing Sponsor: The Library of Congress

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the world. Concerning the author person-ally we know nothing; and he probably livednot earlier than the middle of the fifth centurya.d.—Ed. by Bursian, Zurich, 1867.Sera. [SericaJ Serapio, a surname of P. Cornelius ScipioNasiea, consul B.C. 138. [Scepio, No. 18.] Serapion (ScpcnriW), a physician of Alex-andria, who lived in the third century B.C. Hebelonged to the sect of the Empirici, and somuch extended and improved the system ofPhilinus that the invention of it is by someauthors attributed to him. Serapion wToteagainst Hippocrates with much vehemence;but neither this, nor any of his other works,are now extant. He is several times mentionedand quoted by Celsus, Galen, and others. Serapis or Sarapis (Sapams : Serapis is thecorrect Latin form), an Egyptian divinity,whose worship was introduced into Greece inthe time of the Ptolemies, and into Rome withthat of Isis. The Egyptian Serapis wasoriginally the manifestation of Osiris on earthin the form of a bull; but his separate worship

Text Appearing After Image:
SerapU. (From a Btatuo In the Vatican.) was introduced as the special Alexandrianreligion in the time of the Ptolemies, andgradually superseded that of Osiris, whosefunctions were transferred to him. Hence, likeOsiris [see p. 685J, he was regarded as the godof the dead and of the underworld, worshippedwith all the mysteries belonging to that reli-gion, and as the husband of Isis. He was alsohonoured, not only us born from the sun-god,but as the sun-god himself, and hence as godof healing, and thus identified by the Greeksnot only with Hudes, as god of the dead, andwith Zeus (Zeus-Serapis), as god of heaven,but also with AaclepiUB, as god of healing.His worship in all these characters wasaccepted from Alexandria (where his temple,the Serapienm, was particularly famous)through Asia Minor, the islands, Greece, and atRome in the same manner and period as thatof Isis [see p. 450]. In art he was representedlike Hades or Pluto with a three-headed dogand a serpent by his side ; but is disting

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