Information On Ergonomics
Ergonomics is a science. It is the science that designs another job in order for it to work properly according to natural laws. Ergonomics help to get the right equipment for every job and the right way to do the job. It is based on thorough knowledge of how the body works and ability to evaluate the work environment and create the best possible alternative. It is a necessary procedure in order to prevent injuries and make the workplace a safe environment that doesn’t pose any risks.
Ergonomics science is not new, but today it has spread into many aspects of the human life. There are three main categories. The first one is physical ergonomics that are focused on the physical aspects of the human body. This means that it evaluates the workplace that people use to do a specific job so that they can do it without developing health problems. The second category is the cognitive ergonomics. This has to do with jobs that require the use of mental skills. Skills like memory, perception, ability to analyze things or to summarize things and in general all the abilities of the human mind are included. The jobs that can use this part are jobs that have to do with the way the human mind interacts with machinery or jobs that require mental skills. The third category is organizational ergonomics. This is the part where ergonomics are used in technical systems looking for ways to provide better assistance.
Ergonomics science was known in ancient Greece. It is not a new science although in our days it has been greatly developed. Applications can theoretically cover all the jobs. It is used in airplane design, in health care, transportation and many more. However, any job can benefit from an ergonomic design. For example, a job at an office.
Let’s take for example someone that works at an office as this is a job most people do. The ergonomics science will first examine the workplace, then the work that has to be done and the person that will do it. This way you can adjust the keyboard of your computer so that if you work many hours you won’t get any wrist problems. You can adjust your chair so that your feet rest on the floor. You can place the screen of the computer to the correct distance so that your eyes feel rested. You can also learn to keep the things you use close to you so that your body doesn’t stretch to reach them.
Ergonomics can help in any job. You can learn all the things mentioned above if you are working at an office, you can learn how to lift heavy objects if you are working at a factory or doing other types of work and mainly you can benefit for any job you will be doing.